Low Cost Surface Preparation by Patel Furnace & Forging Pvt. Ltd.

Shot Blasting Advantages -Low Cost Surface Preparation Process

Shot Blasting Advantages -Low Cost Surface Preparation Process
Mechanical shot blasting has many proved advantages over other contemporary process for the following reasons:

  1. The blast surface is ideally suited for subsequent operation.
  2. The finished surface is completely free of scale, dust content and chemical deposit.
  3. A uniform silver matt finish without blemish is obtained.
  4. Shot   blasting   although   removing   scale completely, does not remove any virgin metal.
  5. Operation is simple, requiring the minimum of labor and control is by push button.
  6. The machine is entirely suitable for installation in continuous process lines.
  7. The  floor area taken  up by  a shot blast installation is mush less than that normally required for acid pickling.
  8. There are no attendant problems, such as effluent disposal.
  9. he whole operation is inexpensive and cleaning costs are very much less approx Rs. 250 to Rs. 300 per ton Fig. A while   pickling which is costing Rs. 500 to Rs. 1100 pre ton for stainless steel strips, wire etc. Fig. 5A
Head Office & Factory :
A/2-510, G.I.D.C. Estate
Makarpura, Baroda 390 010
Gujarat, INDIA.

Ph. : +91 265 2644864/ 2640406
Fax : +91 265 2643663
Res : +91 265 2312722
Mob : +91 98240 38602
e-mail : patelf@dataone.in
             patelf@satyam.net.in

Shot Blasting Advantages -Low Cost Surface Preparation Process Shot  Blasting  is  the  Cheapest  and  most effective method for Surface Preparation Above image shows shot blasted steel sections like angles, channels, beams, tee, Pipes & Coils. Shot Blasting provides a uniform and consistent fine matt or rough surface. The surface becomes perfectly suitable for painting, galvanizing and metal spraying.
Shot blasting can form permanent bond between shot blasted surface and protective coating like paint, zinc and epoxy powder coating etc. It also reveals surface defects in the metal. It increases the life of protective coating adheres tenaciously to the scale-free, blast cleaned surface. Thus maintenance cost for repainting can be considerably reduced.

The relationship of abrasive size to both impact power and coverage is as under : Doubling the shot size increases the mass or impact power per grain eight times. Conversely, doubling the shot size reduces the number of shots per lbs to one-eighth.

Shot blasting is essential for longer paint life. Various experiments have proved that the length of paint life depends mainly on the strength of bond between the paint and the basic surface. The quality of this bond depends on the complete and through

Effect of Shot Size on impact & Coverage
SHOT SiZE Approx. impact Value Approx. Nos. Shots/lb Equiv. Size of
l n Grit
Inches mm
.070"           0.18mm 1 82,00,000 G-80
.0110"        0.30mm 4 21,00,000 G-50
.0170"          0.40mm 9 7,45,000 G-40
.0230"         0.60mm 20 3,24,000  
.0280"         0.70mm 33 1,92,000 G-25
.0330"         0.80mm 55 1,14,000  
.0390"        1.00mm 90 68,000 G-18
.0460"         1.20mm 150 40,000 G-16
.0550"         1.40mm 260 24,000 G-14
.0660"          1.70mm 440 14,000 G-12
Shot Impact Value varies as the cube of the diameter (2:1 Size = 8:1 Impact Value and 1:8 number of shots / lb). Considering Impact value of 70 size shot as 1.

removal of mill scale, rust and other contaminants prior to painting and on obtaining an uniformly etched surface. When paint is applied to sealing, rusty and contaminated surface life of paint is poor.

Shot Blasting Advantages -Low Cost Surface Preparation Process There will be uneven expansion resulting in cracks in the scale and other contaminants. Those cracks extend to the paint film and to the base metal. Slowly patches of these scale loosen themselves from the base metal and fall off taking the paint film along with them.
While doing so, they expose the base metal, rust and the scale to the direct action of the atmosphere or the process conditions. Thus the damage is self multiplying, resulting in total plant failure and even reduction in size of the member. Therefore, it is evident that the member should be thoroughly clean of all foreign matters right to the virgin metal.
oday shot blasting is the cheapest and most effective method of surface preparation. PF&FPL has supplied shot blasting machines for surface preparation of stainless steel plates, wire rods, angles, channels, flats, round bars, machines having 6 to 16 throwing wheels capable to shot blast both sides simultaneously.
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